Ophthalmic pathology focuses on diseases of the eye and its surrounding tissues. Precision diagnosis of diseases is provided by the ophthalmic pathology service. Diseased tissues are examined macroscopically, microscopically and on the ultra-structural level. Advanced genomic, proteomic, and cytogenetic techniques can be utilized to diagnose diseases at a molecular level. The pathologic diagnosis of the disease plays a vital role in patient care.
Thyroid eye disease (TED) is an eye condition in which the eye muscles and fatty tissue behind the eye become inflamed. This can cause the eyes to be pushed forward (‘staring’ or ‘bulging’ eyes) and the eyes and eyelids to become swollen and red. In some cases there is swelling and stiffness of the muscles that move the eyes so that the eyes are no longer in line with each other; this can cause double vision. In rare cases TED can cause blindness from pressure on the nerve at the back of the eye or ulcers forming on the front of the eyes.