Ocular inflammation has become a hot topic in ophthalmology, involving also several areas of medicine: internal medicine, surgery, basic research, physiology, pharmacology, microbiology, immunology, rheumatology, pharmacology, or laboratory. There are many ocular inflammatory diseases in different locations, including orbit, ocular adnexa, ocular surface, conjunctiva, cornea, sclera, uvea, retinal vessels, and optic nerve.
Ocular inflammatory disease is an extremely common issue that challenges ophthalmologists in a number of ways. The ocular surface, made up of many important components, can suffer from a wide variety of inflammatory issues.
It can be caused by many different things; some of the most common include allergic, bacterial, chemical or viral conjunctivitis, blepharitis, keratitis sicca, sub-conjunctival hematomas and corneal abrasion. These patients need to be treated quickly and efficiently, because the small percentage of emergency visits resulting from much more serious ocular emergencies such as endophthalmitis and bacterial keratitis require more immediate and intensive care.